Kulanka Dhalinyarada doorashooyinka iyo Dimuquraadiyada

19-21 March 2022 Dalladda Dhallinyarada Puntland ayaa soo qaban qaabisay madal kulmisay qaybaha kaladuwan ee dhallinyarada Puntland iyo daneeyaasha arimaha dhallinyarada, dimuqraadiyaynta iyo doorashooyinka.Madasha waxaa ka soo qaybgalay ururrada dhallinyarada ee heer gobol, ururrada isku xirka dhallinyarada, ururrada dadka baahiyaha gaarka ah qaba iyo ururrada siyaasadda Puntland, UN-ka, Hay’ahada calamiga ah, Dowladda iyo Guddiga doorashooyin puntlan, Sidoo kale waxaa ka soo qaybgalay oo goob joog ahaa xubno dhallinyaro ah oo ku soo baxay golahayaasha deegaan saddexda dego Qardho, Eyl iyo Ufeyn.Ujeeddada madasha waxay ahayd mowduuc u gaar ah dhallinyarada, si loogu lagu lafo guro arrimha Ka qaybgalka siyaasadda, hoggaaminta doorashooyinka iyo Dimuqraadiyadda, si loo helo jawi nabdoon oo loogu talagalay dhallinyarada Puntland, si ay dood wadaag ula yeeshaan odayaasha iyo dadka kale ee ay khusayso.Madashu intii ay socotay waxaa looga dooday• Fursadaha iyo caqabada horyaalla dhallinyarada ee ka qaybgalka siyaasadda• Abuurista hannaan ay dhallinyaradu ku muujiyaan rabitaankooda• Fikrado wax ku ool u ah dhalliyarada si kor loogu qaado fursadaha dhallinyarada ay kaga qaybqaadan karaan dimuqraadiyaynta iyo heerarka kala duwan ee doorashooyinka.• Kor uqaadidda aqoonta iyo xirfadda dhallinyarada.Ugu dambayn Dallada dhallinyarada Puntland waxay u mahadcelin hay’adaha kala ahFBA, UNFPA Somalia, United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia – UNSOMPuntland Development Research Center-PDRC oo door muhiim ah ka qaatay qabsoomida kulankan muhiimka.

Shirwaynaha Dhalinyarada Puntland 2022

16 January 2022 Waxaa si guul ah ku soo dhammaaday shirwaynahay Dhallinyarad Puntland oo qabashadiisa ay iska ka kaashadeen Dalladda PYAN iyo Wasaaradda Dhallinyarada, Cayaaraha Shaqada iyo Shaqaalaha Puntlnad.Shirka waxaa ka soo qaybgalay oo furay madaxweynahay Dowladda Puntland mudane Siciid Cabdullaahi Deni, Wasiirka W. Dhallinyarad iyo Ciyaaraha, Guddoomiyaha Dallada Dhalinyarada puntland ee PYAN iyo dhammaan dhallinyaro ka kala socotay sagaalka gobol ee dowladda Puntland oo ay ugu horreeyaan guddoomiyaasha dalladaha dhallinyarda gobolada. Waxaa kaloo iyaguna ka soo qaybgalay shiraka qaybaha kala duwan ee bulshada Puntland.Shirka oo muddo laba bari ah socday waxaa lagu lafaguray arrimaha dhallinyarada puntland sida; Xal u helidda shaqalahaanta baahsan ee haysata dhallinyarada, Ka qaybgalka siyaasadda iyo hoggaanka dalka, Kor u qaadiidda xirfaddooda iyo aqoontooda, Ka waycigalinta mukhaadaradka iyo tahriibta, Ka qaybqaadashadooda xasilloonida iyo nabadda dalka iyo Siday uga qaybqaadan lahaayeen dimuquraadiyadda Puntland. Waxaana laga soo saaray war-murtiyeed.Dalladda dhallinyarada Puntlnad waxay halkaan ugu mahadcelinaysaa dhammaan ka so qaybgalayaashii shirka iyo intii gacan ka gaysatay inuu qabsoomo markii labaad shirweynaha dhallinyarada puntland oo aygu horreyso xafiiska hay’adda Diakonia Somalia.Ugu dambayn Dalladda PYAN waxay dhallinyarada puntland u rajaynaysaa guul iyo horumar.

Kulanka Bulshada rayidka Puntland ivo G.K. ee Doorashoyinka federalka

Guddoomiyaha Dalladda PYAN Liibaan Maxamed Xuseen ayaa maanta ka qaybgalay kulan ay wadayeesheen Bulshada rayidka Puntland iyo Guddoomiyaha guddiga doorashooyinka ee heer federaal Mudane Maxamed Xasan Cirro. Kulan ayaa daarannaa is xog waraysi labada dhinac oo la xiriira arrimaha doorashooyinka. Guddoomiyaha guddiga doorashooyinka heer federaal ayaa ka war bixiyay halka ay wax u marayaan iyo guud ahaan hannaanka ay wax ugu socdaan. Sidoo kale Bulshada rayidka Puntland ayaa Guddoomiyaha Cirro la wadaagay xogo badan oo la xiriira doorashooyinka iyo khibradihii ay ka dhaxleen doorashadii 2016 ka dhacday dalka.

Kulan ayaa ku soo idlaaday sidii loo dardargalin lahaa guud ahaan doorashooyinka dalka, Doorka bulshada rayidka ee ka qayb-qadashada doorashooyinka dalka uu noqdo mid muuqda.

kor u qaadida xirfada hogaamineed ee dhalinyarada iyo hawenka

Dhallinyarada iyo Haweenka waa lafdhabarta bulshadeenna, waxay xaq u leeyihiin inay qayb ka noqdaan hoggaanka iyo maamulka dalka.

Si loo helo dhallinyaro iyo haween door kuleh jaan-goonyta go’aamada lagu soo xulaayo ama lagu soo dooranaayo hoggaanka iyo maamulka dalka ayaa Dalladda Dhallinyarada ee PYAN oo taageero ka helaysa Xafiiska Diakonia Somalia tababar u qabatay dhallinyaro iyo haween, waxaana lagu tababaray hoggaaminta wanaagsan iyo ka qaybgalka siyaasadda.

Tababarka waxaa ka soo qaybgalay oo furay wasiir ku-xigeenka wasaraadda arrimaha gudaha iyo dimuqraadiyeenta Puntland, Madane Cabdiweli Mire Xirsi. Wasiirka ayaa dhallinyarada iyo haweenka kula dardaarmay inay qayb ka noqdaan isbeddellada horumarineed ee ka socda Puntland.

Haddii dhallinyarada iyo haweenka lagu wacyigaliyo oo door lagasiiyo inay qayb ka noqdaan go’aan gaarayaasha masiirka dadka iyo dalka waxaa laga dhaxlayaa bulsho u heellan inay wax ka beddel ku sameeyso hab fikirkeeda Dhaqan, Siyaasadeed iyo Dhaqaale

Xal u helida caqabadaha ka dhashay xanunka Covid-19 ee saameynta u Ku yeeshay waxbarashada.

Caabuqa Covid-19 waxa uu galaaftay nafaha boqolaal kun oo qof, oo dunida daafaheeda ku noolaa, sidoo kale waxa uu saamayn ku yeeshay nooc-kasta oo nolosha aadanaha dunida ku nool.

Meelaha uu saamaynta ba’an ku yeeshay waxaa kamid ah waxbarashada oo isbeddel ku dhacay habkii wax loo baranjiray oo ahaa in macallinka inta uu fasalka soo galo ardayda si toos ah usiiyo casharrada. Habkaasi markii uu meesha kabaxay waxaa soo kor dhay in waxbasharashadii iyo duruustii lagu gudbiyo hab fogaan aragga ah oo ah mid caqabadihiisa wata.

Haddaba waxaa jira dad badan oo aan awooddin helitaanka agabka loo isticmaalo waxbarashada fogaan aragga ah, sida; Computer-ka, Telefon-ka Smartphones-ka ah, Internet-ka iyo Korontada. Si arrintaas xal loogu raadsho ayaa Dalladda ururrada Dhalinyarada ee PYAN oo kaashanaysa Global Campaing for Education GCE ayaa waxay qabatay kulan ay ugu talagashay wacyigalin iyo u-qareemid si loo helo imkaaniyaadka lagama maarmaanka ah ee ka saacidaya dadka aan awooddin ka qeybgalka waxbarashada fogaan aragga ah.

Dadka ay caqabadahaani la soo gudboonaadeen ama la soo dareen waxaa ka mid ah Danyarta, Barakacaaysha iyo dadyowga ku nool meelaha fogfog ama tuulooyinka ah.

Waxaa laga yabaa in dad badani aanay ka war heyn caqabadahaan ay Covid-19-ka kala kulmeen bulshooyinka nugul, sidoo kale aynu wali halis ugu jirno caabuqa oo soo laba kacleeya. Haddaba waxaa lagama maarmaan ah in lagu baraarugo oo loo qareemo sidii carruurta bulshooyinka aan kor ku soo sheegnay aanay uga hari laheyn waxbarashada.

Kulan loo qabtay Odayaasha dhaqanka iyo Culumada.

Dallada Dhallinyarada Puntland ayaa waxay soo agaasintay Kulan looga hadlaayay doorka Dhallinyarada iyo Haweenka ee ka qayb-galka siyaasadda iyo hoggaaminta dalka. kulanka waxaa ka soo qaybgalay oo goobjoog ka ahaa hoggaanka Dhaqanka, Culumada, Dalladda PUNSAA, Wasaaradda dhallinyarada iyo Wasaaradda Haweenka. Dalladda Pyan waxaa ka go’an inay u qareento dhallinyarada sida ay hoggaanka iyo talada qayb uga noqonlahaayeen. Dhallinyaradu waa laf dhabarta bulshada, waxayna xaq uleeyihiin inay helaan nool fiican iyo horumar nafeed.

Tababar loo qabtay Dhallinyaro iyo Haween.

Dhallad Ururrada Dhallinyarad Puntland waxay Magaalada Garoowe tababar ku saabsan ka qayb-galka doorashooyinka golayaasha Degaanka ee Puntland u qabatay Dhallinyaro iyo Haween. Tabarkaan oo xoogga lagu saraayay Tayeynta iyo Kor u qaadidda Dhallinyarada iyo Haweenka si ay fahamka guud uga helaan doorashooyinka Dowladaha hoose ee Puntland.

Doorka ka qaybgalka siyaasadda ee dhallinyarada!

Doorka ka qaybgalka siyaasadda ee dhallinyarada!

Dhallinyaradu waa Hoggaamiyaha bulshadu hibanayso iyo halyeyga dalku u baahi qabo, dal walba muhiim bay u tahay inuu yeesho da’yar fagaaraha siyaasadda ka muuqda, qaybna ka ahaada masiirka ummaddooda

Dhallinyaradu waa halbawlaha iyo hanaqaadka ummad walba oo bulshooyinka aadanaha ka mid ah, masiirka iyo meel marka bulsho tanaaday waxaa tiir dhaxaad u ah dhallinyaradooda samataliska ah, haldoorkii hilaabtay ee halganka aynnu hadhsanayno hiigsigiisa dhaliyay waxay ahaayeen dhallinyaro dareenka masuuliyadnimo damqay.

Waxa qiraal ah in bulsho walba oo adduunka ka jirta mustaqbalka ay leeyihiin uu yahay dhallinyartooda togan. inta badan waxaa lagu sifeeyaa “Madaxda berri” sida aan ka maqalnay waqtiyo badan siyaasiinteenna si ay ugu juxaansadaan goobaha ay dhallinyaradu kula kulmaan.
dhadhansiga dhawaaqa erygani waa mid aan ku duxin dareenna ku samayn dhallinyarteenna waqtiga dhallinyaranimo balse ay gole kaga kac iyo afgobaadsi siyaasi u fahmaan.

Dhallintu waa muraayadda iyo masiirka bulshada, waxaa muhiim ah inaad dareento rajada ummadda soomaaliyeed ay naawilayso inay tahay dhallinyarada caqliga, cududa iyo cilmiga leh ee waqtigan nool.

Waa maxay doorka ka qaybgalka siyaasadda ee dhallinyarada?

Tamarta ugu badan ee dalkeenna waa dhallinyarada aqoonta iyo aragtida togan leh. ka qayb qaadashada hoggaanka dalka iyo fagaarayaasha siyaasadda waa tan keliya ee dhallinyarada is beddel quman, iyada oo ay jiraan fursado dhaqaale, aqooneed iyo xorriyadeed. Marka loo eego dhallinyartii ku dayashada mudnayd ee duruufaha iyo duur galka is beddeladu ku keeneen.

In dhallinyaradu kaalin ku lahaato siyaasadda waxay dar dargelin kartaa hannaanka maamulka iyo hammiga bulsho ee aan ku taamayno.

Horumarka nolosha awgeed, kaalinta dowladda iyo siyaasaduba ay ku leeyihiin nolosha qofka iyo bulshadaba waa mid aad u weyn, waxaa kordhay ku tiirsanaanta dowladda maadaama ay maamusho gacantana ku hayso waxbarashada mas’uulna ay ka tahay nabad galyada iyo amniga bulshada, sidoo kalena ay maareyso arrimaha dhaqaalaha iyo ganacsiga ayna go’aaminayso xiriirka ay ummaddu la leedahay umadaha kale.

Intaas aan soo sheegnay oo idil waxaa laga dheehanayaa in masiirka qofku uu ku xiranyahay kuna gawracanyahay dowladda, sidaas darteed waxaa habboon in qofka dhallinyarada ah uu u-dhug lahaado siyaasadda uuna xaqiijiyo himmilada naftiisa ee ku aaddan hoggaaminta bulshadiisa.

Dhallinyaradu waxay leeyihiin awoodo badan oo ka caawinkara inay sida ugu wanaagsan u hoggaamiyaan dalkooda ugana qayb-qataan siyaasadda, haddii aan isku dayno inaan wax ka sheegno fursadaha ay haystaan waxaa ka mid ah;

  1. Waxay leeyihiin awood jir ahaaneed iyo mid naf ahaaneed taasoo u fududeynkarta inay gali karaan loolan iyo adkaysi fara badan.
  2. Siyaasaddu waxay keensanaysaa in lala shaqeeyo lagana dhex shaqeeyo kooxo iyo urruro kala gadisan, xilligaa ay marayaan awgeed dhallinyaradu waxay aad u jecelyiihiin inay ku shaqeeyeen koox, koox iyo isbahaysi.
  3. Dhallinyaradu waxay jecelyihiin inay la jaanqaadaan horumarka iyo is beddelka dunida gaar ahaan teknooloojiyadda iyo cilmiga, taasina waxay u suurto galinaysaa inay noqdaan dad wacyi leh, kana war qaba waxa ku hareeraysan indhahna kala haya.
  4. Qabka iyo xamaasadda ku jira dhallinyarada waxay horseedayaan in meeshii ay galaanba ay ka miro dhaliyaan kana muuqdaan, taasna waxay sababaysaa kororka iyo horumarka shaqada.

Vacancy Announcement

 

 

                                                            TERMS OF REFERENCE (TOR)

 

 

     CAPACITY BUILDING TRAINING   FOR   PUNTLAND YOUTH ASSOCIATIONS NETWORK (PYAN)

 

Title:                          CAPACITY BUIDLING FOR PYAN

Type of Contract:    Individual – Local Expert

Duration:                  20 days

Proposed start date:1stDecember 2016

Program:                   Somali Youth Learner’s Initiative (SYLI)

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

The Somali Youth Leaders/Learners Initiative (SYLI) is a five-year USAID funded program that focuses on enhancing quality basic education and increasing civic engagement and participation opportunities for Somali youth to contribute to community development and reduce instability in target areas. The project will address these issues by engaging youth in the region with training support, facilitation and guidance to empower young people to positively and productively contribute to society.

 

In 2015, SYLI in collaboration with Puntland Ministry of Youth, Labour and Sports (MOLYS) and MUDAN youth network have established the first youth umbrella in Puntland following series of consultative meetings that brought togetherrepresentatives of all the 10 regional youth networks in Puntland, MOLYS officials and other relevant stakeholders in Garowe. PYAN has now a clear constitution and working national structure through our partnership with MOLYS but lacks capacity and long-term support to sustain its youth operations throughout the regions of Puntland. Thus, Mercy Corps and MOLYS are looking for a local expert who will be tasked to develop a capacity building support to the core leadership of PYAN to strengthen its existence and improve its connections to both the public and private sector.

PURPOSE OF ASSIGNMENT

The purpose of this assignment is to develop and implement an elaborate institutional capacity building plan for the umbrella group (20 senior management team members of PYAN) and facilitate one national youth conference with the specific theme to address emerging youth issues in Garowe and operational support and essential furniture will be provided to the PYAN offices to facilitate their youth activities across the regions. 100 youth leaders under the PYAN umbrella will be drawn from various regions to attend the national conference. The Ministry of Youth and Labour will take lead on this activity.

The overall goal of the capacity building training is to improve the job performance of key PYAN staff to absolve their duties as youth leaders and oversee functions of the PYAN more effectively. PYAN staff will be equipped with essential skills relevant to their day-to-day tasks, including strategic planning, monitoring and evaluation, communication, and operational planning.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CONSULTANT 

The consultant will lead the actual capacity building plan and strategic development plan for PYAN. The consultant will work with a small selected team of resource persons from SYLI, Ministry of Youth, Labour and Sports PYAN and MUDAN to develop the draft strategic plan that will be validated through the stakeholder’s validation workshop.

  • Conduct literature review on existing youth policies, interviews, and focus group discussion
  • Conduct a capacity assessment and ddevelop and share an appropriate training manual and training plan with MC for mutual discussion and approval, at least five days before the training starts
  • Use the training as a platform where PYAN officials both at the central offices and regional offices interact and acquire skills and best practices on how to develop effective youth strategies and adopt best practices of the youth development policy. To do this, he/she must conduct pre- and post-training evaluation to ascertain the knowledge and skills gap and the impact made by the training. The results of these should be indicated in the report
  • Ensure the capacity building plan for PYAN is highest standard; Present the draft capacity building and strategic plan for input and feedback and to validate and finalize the documents
  • Conduct pre- and post-training evaluation to ascertain the knowledge and skills gap and the impact of the session. The results of these should be indicated in the training report

 

  • Submit soft and hard copies of the final capacity plan and training report to MC and MOLYS and make sure they are contextually appropriate, comprehensive and in line with the country’s rules and laws.

 

EXPECTED OUTPUTS

 

By the end of the training, the following are expected

  • 20PYAN officials both central and regional levels trained on management of youth programs in Puntland, organizational planning, Monitoring and Evaluation and communication, advocacy and coordination strategy
  • A detailed report explaining the training progress, successes achieved, challenges encountered and potential areas for further improvement
  • A training manual that addresses the gaps identified in the assessment
  • Enhanced staff understanding of leadership, communication, coordination of youth development interventions as well as monitoring and supervision
  • Improved staff skills in developing action plans based on ministry priorities; and developing effectivedata collection and coordination plans for PYAN
  • Recommendations for effective coordination of youth programs, including improved collaboration and facilitation of regional youth network activities throughout Puntland regions.
  • Completed and verified assessment tools and a summary page of key findings
  • Completed attendance sheets, pre and post-test evaluations

 

TRAINING METHODOLOGY

The facilitator will employ a variety of methodologies, which include:

  • Panel discussions
  • Small group discussion and presentation
  • Brainstorming
  • Demonstration, drama, poetry/role play
  • Participatory and group work activities
  • Discussion of experiences, learning, & applications by presentation and readings
  • Exercises and case studies

ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

 

Mercy Corps will:

  • Together with MC provide briefing to the consultant on the proceedings of the capacity assessment and training for PYAN Core leadership
  • Provide stationery for carrying out the training for participants and trainer
  • Supervise the training proceedings in collaboration with MOLYS
  • Provide the participants with refreshment and training venue
  • Ensure that all payments/allowances are incompliance with donor regulations and procedures
  • Review the proposed trainers/consultants by the MOLYS and PYAN
  • Receive, review and approve workshop report by the facilitator and deliver to MOYLSand MC

ROLE OF MOLYS

  • Recommend qualified consultants/trainers for PYAN capacity assessment and training to be vetted and reviewed by Mercy corps
  • Approve the list of trainees
  • Supervise the training proceedings and ensure that the training achieves expected outputs as per TOR and ensure that the trainer maintain signed attendance sheets
  • Receive and review copy of training report

 

 

DURATION OF THE TRAINING

This assignment will last for 20 days; 10 days for conducting training needs assessment and developing the training modules and schedules, 6 days for the actual training and 4 days for preparation and report writing. The timeframe for each training will be a minimum of 5 days with 4 hours of training each day, making the training to have a total duration of at least 20 hours.

QUALIFICATIONS

 

  • Master’s degree in Social Science or related field
  • Minimum of 3-5 years’ experience as a facilitator conducting similar trainings
  • Previous experience in training, developing strategies, policies and other related documents
  • Strong knowledge of youth programming and youth interventions in Puntland; skills in civic engagement, advocacy, resource mobilization, and events planning
  • Fluency in English, Somali and excellent communication and writing skills
  • Knowledge of basic computer skills
  • Knowledge of Positive Youth Development (PYD) is a plus

 

FINANCIAL COMMITMENT
The consultant will be paid with a daily rate of  $100 (one hundred US dollar) per day for 20 days, and a total $$2,000 (two thousand US dollar), this include:-

  • The cost of conducting PYAN capacity assessment and training needs assessment,
  • The cost of developing training manual and training schedules
  • The cost of facilitating the training and
  • Sharing PYAN capacity assessment plan and training report.

Payments will be made after completion of task and submission of final reports by Mercy Corps and MOLYS.

Mercy Corps will not accept any other claims other than those specified in this TOR and the service contract.

 

______________________________                                       ________________

Facilitator                                                                                         Date

 

 

______________________________                                         ______________

Mercy Corps  Representative                                                                  Date

 

 

 

______________________________                                       ________________

MOLYS Representative

Date

 

.

Dallada PYAN oo qabatay dood cilmiyeed ku saabsan joojinta tahriibka dhalinyarada

Dallada dhalinyarada Puntland ee PYAN oo taageero ka helaysay hay’adda caalamiga ah ee CARE, ayaa maanta magaalada Garowe ee caasimadda Puntland ku qabatay dood cilmiyeed ku saabsan joojinta tahriibka dhalinyarada.

Dood cilmiyeedkaan ayaa waxaa kasoo qeyb galay, wasiiro ku xigeeno katirsan xukuumada Puntand, xildhibaano, murashixixiin u taagan aqalka hoose iyo wakiilo ka socday qeybaha kala duwan ee bulshada.

Aweys Axmed Sardheeye, gudoomiyaha dallada PYAN ayaa sheegay doodaan inay qeyb ka tahay barnaamij lagu magacaabo “Jooji tahriibka oo aamin wadaankaaga, barnaamijkaas oo la doonayo inuu qeyb lixaad leh ka qaato sidii wax looga qaban lahaa tahriibka dhalinyarada reer Puntland ee dalkooda ka hayaamaya.

“Waxaan ugu talo galnay barnaamijkaan inaan isaga wacyi gelino Tahriibka oo aan isla qaadano sidii Tahriibka aan ula dagaalami lahayn. Waxaan wasiirada iyo xildhibaanada ugu yeernay inay ka dowlad ahaan noo muujiyaan kaalintooda kaga aadan la dagaalanka Tahriibka,” ayuu yiri Aweys Axmed Sardheye.

Jaamacadda Bosaso faraceeda magaalada Garowe ayaa madasha dooda kusoo bamdhigtay cilmi baaris ay ka sameysay sababaha ay dhalinyarada u tahriibaan, cilmi baaristaan oo ay jaamacaddu ka sameysay labo gobol oo katirsan Puntland, iyadoo ku wareysatay in ka badan 2,000  dhalinyaro ah, oo wax laga weydiiyay waxa qofka dhalinyarada ah ku qasba inuu wadankiisa ka Tahriibo.

Wasiir ku xigeenka shaqada iyo shaqaalaha Cabdirisaaq Shirre Ismaaciil ayaa sheegay barnaamijkaan inuu yahay  barnaamij muhiim ah oo kaalin xoog leh ka qaadan kara inuu dhalinyarada ka saaro fikrada tahriibta, sidoo kale ku dhiiri gelinaya inay wadankooda ku kalsoonaadaan.

Sidoo kale, Wasiir ku xigeenka arrimaha gudaha Puntland Cabdulaahi Maxamed Xaashi (Qoobdeero), ayaa dhalinyarada ugu baaqay inay naftooda ka ilaaliyaan halista tahribka islamarkaana ay ogaadaan inuusan jirin wadan dalkooda u dhamaada xag shaqo iyo xag nololeed.

Daawo sawiradda.

_dsc0094_dsc0095_dsc0097_dsc0099_dsc0102_dsc0106_dsc0109_dsc0111_dsc0112_dsc0115_dsc0121_dsc0122_dsc0123??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????_dsc0128_dsc0132???????????????????????????????_dsc0138_dsc0140_dsc0147_dsc0150_dsc0152_dsc0153_dsc0155_dsc0157_dsc0160_dsc0161_dsc0163_dsc0165_dsc0176_dsc0179

Sa